The study of the skin and related diseases are the object of analysis of a specific branch of Medicine: The dermatology.
The area of interest of dermatology includes all diseases related to the skin, nails, hair, and mucous membranes, and the age range of patients eligible for dermatology services varies from neonatal age to very adult subjects.
It is recommended that you have a dermatological examination whenever you feel that your skin, nails, hair, or mucous membranes look even mildly concerning.
The diseases for which a Dermatological examination are necessary: Erythematous/desquamous/papulosquamous skin disorders and diseases (such as psoriasis, lichen planus, porokeratosis, pityriasis, seborrheic dermatitis), Ulcers, warts, eczematous dermatitis (eczema, atopic dermatitis), erythema, bullous diseases (such as pemphigus or pemphigoid), Allergic diseases (itching, hives, allergic contact dermatitis), skin and subcutaneous infections, pigmentation disorders (seborrheic keratoses for example), Inflammatory dermatitis (juvenile and late acne, rosacea), Diseases of the skin adnexa (nail disorders, follicular cysts, hair loss, hair follicle disorders, mycoses), some types of skin cancers (melanomas, basaliomas , actincihe keratoses).
The Dermatologist can also perform minor outpatient procedures such as curettage or small excisions, but these can also be performed by the Surgeon upon referral from the Dermatologist.
Photodynamic therapy is a dermatologic treatment that can be carried out on an outpatient basis and through which aesthetic and even oncologic dermatologic conditions can be treated as it allows the treatment of skin photodamage (the aging of the skin due to the sun), superficial actinic keratoses, and inflamed acne.