The study of the pathologies and physiology of the female reproductive system are the object of study of a specific branch of Medicine: Gynecology and Obstetrics.
The gynecologist is the Specialist Physician to whom to turn for follow-up visits or during the period of the pregnancy. An important difference with physicians specializing in other branches of Medicine lies in the fact that the consultation with a gynecologist is feasible and recommended at all times, not only in the presence of overt disease or illness.
In inpatient and outpatient settings, the gynecologist can perform minimally invasive procedures of various kinds such asinsertion of intrauterine devices (IUDs) and their removal.
The insertion of intrauterine devices (IUDs) is an outpatient procedure, performed under local anesthesia and without the need for hospitalization of the patient.
For the insertion of intrauterine devices (IUDs), an anesthesiologist is not expected to be present. However, the gynecologist may be joined by an outpatient instrumentation nurse specialist during these procedures.