The study of the pathologies and physiology of the female reproductive system are the object of study of a specific branch of Medicine: Gynecology and Obstetrics.
A Gynecological examination is recommended for: Assess the health status of the woman’s genital system, Choose the most suitable method of contraception (birth control pill, hormonal and non-hormonal IUD, vaginal ring, patch, subcutaneous implant), Investigate suspected infertility in the woman and resulting difficulty in conception, find any pelvic floor problems (urinary incontinence, genital prolapse, chronic pelvic pain), choose the transition mode during the perimenopausal phase of the woman (the period before menopause), follow the woman’s During and after pregnancy.
During the gynecological examination, the gynecologist to thoroughly view the health status of the female reproductive system uses theechograph to perform thetransvaginal ultrasonography, as well as laboratory tests (blood test, vaginal swab, cervical swab, pap smear, HPV test with different typing), Second-level screening instrumental examinations such as colposcopy (performed in case of doubtful or suspicious Pap test results) or interventional diagnostic examinations (such as the endometrial biopsy).
Transvaginalultrasonography is a diagnostic examination in which the transmission of ultrasound beams striking tissue allows the creation of an image. Thus, it is a noninvasive examination in that no radiation is used to perform ultrasound scans, which is why it is favored as a first-level diagnostic imaging examination, especially for pregnant patients.